The Rio Grande Valley's Nature Site

NATIVE TREES AND SHRUBS USED BY BUTTERFLIES of the Lower Rio Grande Valley of South Texas

Home | Contact Us | Jan's Nature Photos

Return to Photos of the Native Plants Used by Butterflies in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of South Texas

There are several thousand species of plants in the LRGV.  Below are just a few images of the trees and shrubs of the Lower Rio Grande Valley that are used by the butterflies as host or nectar plants. 
   Unfortunately, there is not enough space below to show all the parts of the trees and shrubs that help to identify them.  Go to our "Rio Grande Valley Native Plants Links" page, via "Home" above or search on the scientific names of these plants for more information.

NOTE:  Use of Common Names for native plants can be a real problem, since every region of the U.S. may use many and diverse Common Names, and these names often differ from one region of the nation to another.  This is particularly true in the Lower Rio Grande Valley, where the use of Common Names for Valley natives varies so much, both in English and in Spanish.  It is ALWAYS best to copy the Scientific Name of any of the plants shown on our webpage and do an Internet Search (google) on the Scientific Name.  We ALL need to learn and get used to using the Scientific Names of native plants.

GO NATIVE!
USE ONLY NATIVE PLANTS!

All photos on this site are by Jan Dauphin and are copyright protected and may not be used or published elsewhere without the permission of Jan Dauphin
Agarito-BerberisTrifoliolata.jpg

Agarito - Berberis trifoliolata

1-AllthornOrJunco-KoeberliniaSpinosa-2.jpg

Allthorn or Junco - Koeberlinia spinosa

2-Amantillo-AbutilonTrisulcatum-2.jpg

Amantillo - Abutilon trisulcatum

2-Anacua-2.jpg

Anacua or Sandpaper Tree - Ehretia anacua

3-BarbadosCherry-MalpighiaGlabra-2.jpg

Barbados Cherry or Manzanita - Malpighia glabra

Baretta-Helietiaparviflora-4.jpg

Baretta - Helietta parviflora

5-Bastardia-BastardiaViscosa-4.jpg

Bastardia or Viscid Mallow - Bastardia viscosa

41-Guajillo-AcaciaBerllandieri-2.jpg

Berlandier Acacia or Guajillo - Acacia berllandieri

6-BerlandierCroton-CrotonHumilis-3.jpg

Berlandier Croton or Pepperbush or Low Croton - Croton humilis

BerlandierWolfberry-2.jpg

Berlandier Wolfberry - Lycium berlandieri

38-Fiddlewood-CitharexylumBerlandieri-3.jpg

Berlandier's Fiddlewood or Negrito - Citharexylum berlandieri

7-Bernadetee-IsocarphaOppositifolia-3.jpg

Bernadette or Rio Grande Pearlhead - Isocarpha oppositifolia

Bernardia-OrejaDeRaton-Bernardiamyricifolia-1.jpg

Bernardia-Oreja De Raton - Bernardia myricifolia

9-BetonyMistflower-EupatoriumBetonicifolium-3.jpg

Betony Mistflower or South Padre Island Mistflower or Betonyleaf Throughwort - Conoclinium betonicifolium (formerly Eupatorium betonicifolium)

8-BlackMangrove-AvicenniaGerminans-2.jpg

Black Mangrove - Avicennia germinans

BlackbrushOrChaparroPrieto-AcaciaRigidula-1.jpg

Blackbrush or Blackbrush Acacia or Catclaw or Chaparro Prieto - Acacia rigidula

16-Brasil-CondaliaHookeri-2.jpg

Brasil or Bluewood or Brasilian Bluewood or Bluewood Condalia - Condalia hookeri

BrushHolly.jpg

Brush Holly - Xylosma flexuosa

18-BrushyLippia-LippiaAlba-3.jpg

Brushy Lippia or Lippia or Juanilama or Salvia Sija - Lippia alba

19-CaesalpiniaSp-CaesalpiniaSp.jpg

Caesalpinia sp. - Caesalpinia sp.

113-CalderonaOrManystemRatany-KrameriaRamosissima-2.jpg

Calderona or Manystem Ratany - Krameria ramosissima

20-Capraria-CaprariaMexicana-2.jpg

Capraria or Goatweed - Capraria biflora (formerly C. mexicana)

21-CedarElm-UlmasCrassifolia.jpg

Cedar Elm - Ulmas crassifolia

22-Chilipiquin-CapsicumAnnum-3.jpg

Chilipiquin or Cayenne Pepper - Capsicum annum

ClapweedorMormonTea-Ephedraantisyphilitica-1.jpg

Clapweed or Mormon Tea - Ephedra antisyphilitica

24-ColimaOrLimePricklyAsh-ZanthoxylumFagara-3.jpg

Colima or Lime Prickly Ash or Wild Lime - Zanthoxylum fagara

25-Coma-BumeliaCelastrina-2.jpg

Coma or Saffron Plum - Sideroxylon celastrinum (formerly Bumelia celastrina)

26-CortesCroton-CrotonCortesianus-4.jpg

Cortes Croton or Cortez's Croton - Croton cortesianus

28-Coyotillo-KarwinskiaHumboldtiana-1.jpg

Coyotillo or Humboldt Coyotillo - Karwinskia humboldtiana

29-Crucillo-RandiaRhagocarpa-1.jpg

Crucillo - Randia rhagocarpa

11-Crucita-EupatoriumOdoratum-2.jpg

Crucita or Christmas Bush or Siam Weed or Jack in the Bush - Chromolaena  odorata (formerly Eupatorium odoratum)

DamianaOrHierbaDelVenado-TurneraDiffusa-2.jpg

Damiana or Turnera Aphrodisiac or Hierba del Venado - Turnera diffusa

31-DesertLantana-LantanaMacropoda-4.jpg

Desert Lantana or Mexican Marjoram or Brushland Shrubverbena - Lantana achyranthifolia (formerly L. macropoda)

32-DesertWillow-ChilopsisLinearis-1.jpg

Desert Willow or Desert Catalpa - Chilopsis linearis

33-DesertYaupon-SchaefferiaCuneifolia-2.jpg

Desert Yaupon - Schaefferia cuneifolia

35-DurantaSp-DurantaErecta-2.jpg

Duranta or Golden Dewdrops - Duranta erecta (NOTE: Non-Native)

36-Elbowbush-ForestieraAngustifolia-2.jpg

Elbow Bush or Narrow-leaf Forestiera or Texas Swampprivet - Forestiera angustifolia

37-FairyDuster-CalliandraConferta-2.jpg

Fairy Duster or Rio Grande Stickpea or False Mesquite - Calliandra conferta

39-GoatBushOrAmargosa-CastelaErectatexana-3.jpg

Goat Bush or Amargosa or Allthorn Goatbush - Castela erecta texana

12-GreggsMistflower-EupatoriumGreggii-3.jpg

Gregg's Mistflower or Palmleaf Mistflower or Palmleaf Thoroughwort - Conoclinium greggii (formerly Eupatorium greggii)

40-GreggsMortonia-MortoniaGreggii-1.jpg

Gregg's Saddlebush or Afinador or Gregg's Mortonia - Mortonia greggii

41a-Guamuchil-2.jpg

Guamuchil or Monkeypod or Manilla Tamarind - Pithecellobium dulce

42-Guava-PsidiumGuajava-3.jpg

Guava - Psidium guajava

43-Guayacan-GuaiacumAngustifolium-3.jpg

Guayacan or Soapbush or Texas Lignum-vitae - Guaiacum angustifolium

HierbaDelSoldado-Waltheriaindica-3.jpg

Hierba Del Soldado - Waltheria indica

45-HoneyMesquite-ProsopisGlandulosa-1.jpg

Honey Mesquite - Prosopis glandulosa

117-Hogplum-ColubrinaTexensis-1.jpg

Hogplum or Texas Snakewood or Guajalote - Colubrina texensis

46-Huisache-AcaciaFarnesiano-2.jpg

Huisache or Huisache Acacia or Sweet Acacia or Mealy Wattle or Sweet Wattle or Mimosa Bush - Acacia farnesiana

HuisachilloorTwistedAcacia-Acaciaschaffneri-1.jpg

Huisachillo or Twisted Acacia - Acacia schaffneri

113-IndianMallow-AbutilonFruticosum-1.jpg

Indian Mallow - Abutilon fruticosum

KapokTree-Ceibapentandra-1.jpg

Kapok Tree - Ceiba pentandra

13-LateMistflower-EupatoriumSerotinum-3.jpg

Late Boneset or Late Mistflower or Lateflowering Thoroughwort - Eupatorium serotinum

50-Leatherstem-JatrophaDioica-5.jpg

Leatherstem or Sangra de Drago - Jatropha dioica

51-Lotebush-ZiziphusObtusifolia-4.jpg

Lotebush or Gumdrop Tree or Crucillo or Graythorn - Ziziphus obtusifolia

52-MalvaLoca-MalvastrumAmericanum-2.jpg

Malva Loca - Malvastrum americanum

113-IndianMallow-AbutilonFruticosum-1.jpg

Mauve or Indian Mallow or Abutilon - Abutilon hulseanum

53-MexicanButtonbush-Cephalanthussalicfoliius-2.jpg

Mexican Buttonbush - Cephalanthus salicifolius

64-RetamillaCaesalpiniaMexicana-4.jpg

Mexican Caesalpinia or Mexican Poinciana or Mexican Holdback or Mexican Bird of Paradise -  Caesalpinia mexicana

54-MexicanHoneysuckle-JusticiaSpicigera-3.jpg

Mexican Honeysuckle or Mohintli or Orange Plume Flower 
- Justicia spicigera

OrchidTree-BauhiniaMexicana-4.jpg

Mexican Orchid Tree or Goat's-foot Bauhinia - Bauhinia mexicana

56-OregonoCimarron-LippiaGraveolens-4.jpg

Mexican Oregano or Oregano Cimarron or Redbrush Lippia - Lippia graveolens

MexicanTurksCap-Malvaceaearboreusmexicanus-1.jpg

Mexican Turk's Cap - Malvaceae arboreus mexicanus

71-SierraMadreTorchwood-AmyrisMadrensis-2.jpg

Mountain Torchwood or Sierra Madre Torchwood or Mexican Amyris or Chapotillo - Amyris madrensis

110-ParksCroton-CrotonParksii-1.jpg

Parks' Croton - Croton parksii

47-PartridgePea-1.jpg

Partridge Pea - Chamaecrista fasciculata

59-PigeonBerry-RivinaHumilis-2.jpg

PigeonBerry or Rouge Plant or Baby Peppers or Bloodberry - Rivina humilis

116-PitseedGoosefoot-ChenopodiumBerlandieri-1.jpg

Pitseed Goosefoot - Chenopodium berlandieri

60-PotatoTree-SolanumErianthum-2.jpg

Potato Tree - Solanum erianthum

53-Pseudoabutilon-AllowissadulaLozanii-1.jpg

Pseudoabutilon - Allowissadula lozanii

61-PurpleSage-Cenizo-LeucophyllumFrutescens-2.jpg

Purple Sage or Texas Sage or Texas Ranger or Cenizo - Leucophyllum frutescens

62-PyramidBush-MelochiaTormentosa-2.jpg

Pyramid Bush or Teabush - Melochia tormentosa

63-Retama-ParkinsoniaAculeata-2.jpg

Retama or Jerusalem Thorn or Mexican Palo Verde - Parkinsonia aculeata

RioGrandeAyenia-Ayenialimitaris-1.jpg

Rio Grande Ayenia - Ayenia limitaris

65-RockRose-PavoniaLasiopetala-2.jpg

Rock Rose or Rose Pavonia or Texas Swampmallow or Wright Pavonia - Pavonia lasiopetala

RooseveltorDepressionWeed-Baccharisneglecta-1.jpg

Roosevelt or Depression Weed - Baccharis neglecta

68-ScarletSpiderling-BoerhaaviaCoccinea-2.jpg

Scarlet Spiderling  or Red Boerhaavia - Boerhavia coccinea

69-Serjania-SerjaniaBrachycarpa-1.jpg

Serjania or Littlefruit Slipplejack - Serjania brachycarpa

70-ShrubbyBlueSage-SalviaBallotiflora-2.jpg

Shrubby Blue Sage or Blue Shrub Sage or Mejorana - Salvia ballotiflora

111-ShrubbyBlueSage-SalviaBallotiflora-5.jpg

Shrubby Blue Sage or Blue Shrub Sage or Mejorana - Salvia ballotiflora (white form is rarely seen in the LRGV)

ShrubbyBullseye.jpg

Shrubby Bullseye or Ocote or Chomonque - Gochnatia hypoleuca

73-Silver-leafCroton-CrotonArgyanthemus-1.jpg

Silverleaf Croton or Healing Croton or Silver Croton - Croton argyranthemus

74-SkeletonLeafGoldeneyeDaisy-ViguieraStenoloba-5.jpg

Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye or Resinbush or Golden Bush Daisy - Viguiera stenoloba

75-SlenderCelosia-CelosiaNitida-1.jpg

Slender Celosia or West Indian Cock's Comb - Celosia nitida

76-Snake-Eyes-PhaulothamnusSpinescens-1.jpg

Snake-Eyes or Devilqueen or Putia - Phaulothamnus spinescens

77-Soapberry-SapindusSaponaria-1.jpg

Soapberry or Western Soapberry or Wingleaf Soapberry or Jaboncillo - Sapindus saponaria

78-SouthwestBernardia-BernardiaMyricaefolia-1.jpg

Southwest Bernardia or Brush Myrtlecroton or Mouse Ears or Mouse's Eye or Oreja de Raton  - Bernardia myricifolia

80-SpinyHackberry-Granjeno-CeltisPallida-3.jpg

Spiny Hackberry or Desert Hackberry or Shiny Hackberry or Granjeno - Celtis ehrenbergiana (formerly C. pallida)

81-SprawlingLippia-LippiaAlba-1.jpg

Sprawling Lippia or Brushy Lippia - Lippia alba

Suaeda-SuaedaTampicensis.jpg

Suaeda or Coastal Seepweed - Suaeda tampicensis

82-SugarHackberryOrPaloBlanco-CeltisLaevigata-2.jpg

Sugar Hackberry or Hackberry or Sugarberry or Palo Blanco - Celtis laevigata

83-SweetStem-AloysiaMacrostachya-2.jpg

Sweet Stem or Rio Grande Beebrush or Wooly Beebrush or Vara Dulce - Aloysia macrostachya

10-BlueBoneset-EupatoriumAzureum-3.jpg

Tamaulipa Azurea or Blue Mistflower or Blue Boneset - Eupatorium azureum

84-Tenaza-PithecellobiumPallens-3.jpg

Tenaza or Ape's Ear-ring or Huahillo - Havardia pallens (formerly Pithecellobium pallens)

85-Tepeguaje-LeucaenaPulverulenta-2.jpg

Tepeguaje or Tepaguaje or Great Leadtree or Mexican Leadtree - Leucaena pulverulenta

86-ButterflyBushBuddlejaSessiflora-1.jpg

Tepozan or Butterfly Bush or Butterfly-Bush or Butterflybush or Rio Grande Butterflybush - Buddleja sessiflora

88-TexasEbony-PithecellobiumEbano-5.jpg

Texas Ebony or Ebano - Ebenopsis ebano (formerly Pithecellobium ebano)

TexasKidneywoodVaraDulce-EysenhardtiaTexana-2.jpg

Texas Kidneywood or Vara Dulce - Eysenhardtia texana

89-TexasLantana-LantanaHorrida-1.jpg

Texas Lantana or West Indian Shrubverbena or Western Lantana - Lantana urticoides (formerly L. horrida)

90-TexasMountainLaurel-SophoraSecundiflora-2.jpg

Texas Mountain Laurel or Mountain Laurel or Mescal Bean - Sophora secundiflora

55-MexicanOliveOrAnacuahita-ChloroleuconEbano-2.jpg

Texas Olive or Texas Wild Olive or Mexican Olive or Anacahuita - Cordia boissieri

58-Paloverde-ParkinsoniaTexana-2.jpg

Texas Paloverde or Border Paloverde - Parkinsonia texana

91-TexasPersimmonOrChapote-DiospyrosTexana-2.jpg

Texas Persimmon or Mexican Persimmon or Chapote - Diospyros texana

72-TexasTorchwood-AmyrisTexana-3.jpg

Texas Torchwood or Torchwood or Chapotillo - Amyris texana

93-TrailingLantana-LantanaMontevidensis-3.jpg

Trailing Lantana or Weeping Lantana or Trailing Shrubverbena - Lantana montevidensis

94-TreeTobacco-NicotianaGlauca-2.jpg

Tree Tobacco - Nicotiana glauca

95-Trixis-TrixisCalifornica-2.jpg

Trixis or American Threefold - Trixis californica

96-TurksCap-MalvaviscusArboreus-2.jpg

Turk's Cap or Turkscap or Drummond Wax Mallow or Manzanilla - Malvaviscus arboreus drummondii

47-TwistedAcacia-AcaciaSchaffneri-1.jpg

Twisted Acacia or Schaffner's Wattle or Huisachillo -Acacia schaffneri

97-VaseyAdelia-AdeliaVaseyi-2.jpg

Vasey Adelia or Vasey's Adelia or Adelia or Vasey's Wild Lime - Adelia vaseyi

98-VelvetLantana-LantanaVeultina-1.jpg

Velvet Lantana or Velvet Shrubverbena or Velvet Verbena - Lantana velutina

99-Wedelia-WedeliaHispida-2.jpg

Wedelia or Zexmenia or Orange Wedelia or Orange Zexmenia or Hairy Wedelia - Wedelia hispida

109-WestIndianLantana-LantanaCamara-2.jpg

West Indian Lantana or Calico Bush or Ham n' Eggs - Lantana camara

100-WherryMimosa-MimosaTexana-1.jpg

Wherry Mimosa or Texas Mimosa or Texas Catclaw - Mimosa texana

101-WhiteBrush-AloysiaGratissima-2.jpg

White Brush or Whitebrush or White-Brush or Beebrush or Bee-Brush or Privet Lippia or Jazmanillo or Chaparro Blanco-Aloysia gratissima

14-WhiteMistflower-EupatoriumIncarnatum-4.jpg

White Mistflower or Pink Thoroughwort - Fleischmannia incarnata (formerly Eupatorium incarnatum)

102-WhitePlumbago-PlumbagoScandens-2.jpg

White Plumbago or Doctorbush or Mexican Plumbago or Summer Snow Plumbago or Leadwort Flower or Devil's Herb - Plumbago scandens

57-WoolyColdenia-Tiquiliacanescens.jpg

Wooly Coldenia or Woody Crinklemat or Ratear Coldenia - Tiquilia canescens

112-WoolyCroton-CrotonCapitatus-1.jpg

Wooly Croton - Croton capitatus

103-WrightAcacia-AcaciaWrightii-1.jpg

Wright Acacia or Catclaw or Catclaw Acacia or Una de Gato - Acacia wrightii

104-YellowSophora-SophoraTormentosa-3.jpg

Yellow Sophora or Necklace Pod or Yellow Necklace Pod or Tombalisa - Sophora tomentosa

105-Zarza-MimosaAsperata-3.jpg

Zarza or Puerto Rico Sensitive-Briar or Black Mimosa or Catclaw Mimosa or Thorny Sensitive Plant - Mimosa asperata

AAWMBRONZE01.jpg
ssurf.gif